Learn the Days of the Week in Japanese

Do you know how to say Monday in Japanese? How about Tuesday? In this article, you can learn each day of the week in Japanese and the meaning of each kanji. I will also cover how to use the days of the week naturally in conversations.  Also be sure to check out our days of the month lesson to learn how to says dates in Japanese.

KanjiHiraganaRōmajiEnglish Translation
月曜日げつようびGetsuyōbiMonday
火曜日かようびKayōbiTuesday

水曜日
すいようびSuiyōbiWednesday
木曜日もくようびMokuyōbiThursday
金曜日きんようびKinyōbiFriday
土曜日どようびDoyōbiSaturday
日曜日にちようびNichiyōbiSunday

Days of the Week in Japanese in More Detail

Let’s take a look at each of the days of the week and give examples of how to use them in natural sentences and conversations.

月曜日 (Getsuyōbi): Monday

Monday is 月曜日 (Getsuyōbi). The kanji can also be pronounced as “tsuki” and means the moon.

Examples:

1. 月曜日にテストがある
(Getsuyōbi ni tesuto ga aru
I have a test on Monday.

2. 月曜日の午後にお会いできませんか? 
(Getsuyōbi no gogo ni oai dekimasen ka
Could you meet on Monday afternoon?

火曜日 (Kayōbi): Tuesday

Tuesday is 火曜日 (Kayōbi). The kanji can also be pronounced as “hi” and means fire. The same characteristic is used in words like 火星 (kasei), which means Mars.

Examples:

1. 今日は火曜日だ。
(Kyō wa kayōbi da
It’s Tuesday today.

2. 火曜日はお暇ですか?
(Kayōbi wa ohima desu ka
Are you free on Tuesday?

水曜日 (Suiyōbi): Wednesday

 Wednesday is 水曜日 (Suiyōbi). The kanji is pronounced “sui” and can also be pronounced “mizu,” and means water. The same characteristic is used in the word 水星 (suisei), which means Mercury.

Examples:

  1. 水曜日に電話します
    (Suiyōbi ni denwa shimasu
    I will call you Wednesday.

2. 今週の水曜日はお休みでした。
(Konshū no suiyōbi wa oyasumi deshita)
This Wednesday was my day off.

木曜日 (Mokuyōbi): Thursday

Thursday is 木曜日 (Mokuyōbi). The kanji is pronounced “moku” and can also be pronounced “ki,” and means tree. The same characteristic is used in the word 木星 (mokusei), which means Jupiter.

Examples:

1. 彼は木曜日に出社します。
(Kare wa mokuyōbi ni shussha shimasu
He comes to the office on Thursdays.

2. 今度の木曜日は彼の誕生日です。
(Kondo no mokuyōbi wa kare no tanjyōbi desu
Next Thursday is his birthday.

金曜日 (Kinyōbi): Friday

Friday is 金曜日 (Kinyōbi). The kanji is pronounced “kin” and can also be pronounced “kane,” and means money. The same characteristic is used in the word 金星 (kinsei), which means Venus.

Examples:

1. できたら金曜日に来てください。
(Dekitara kinyōbi ni kite kudasai
Please come on Friday, if possible.

2. 大学は金曜日に今学期が終わる。
(Daigaku wa kinyōbi ni  kongakki ga owaru
The college breaks up on Friday.

土曜日 (Doyōbi): Saturday

Saturday is 土曜日 (Doyōbi). The kanji is pronounced “do” and can also be pronounced “tsuchi” and means soil. The same characteristic is used in the word 土星 (dosei), which means Saturn.

Examples:

1. 今度の土曜日は都合が悪くなってしまいました。
(Kondo no doyōbi wa tsugō ga waruku natte shimaimashita
This Saturday is no longer convenient for me.

 2. それを土曜日まで待ちます。
(Sore o doyōbi made machimasu
I will wait for that until Saturday.

日曜日 (Nichiyōbi): Sunday

Sunday is 日曜日 (Nichiyōbi). The kanji is pronounced “nichi” and can also be pronounced “hi,” and means the sun.

Examples:

1. 日曜日から雨が降り続いている。
(Nichiyōbi kara ame ga furitsuzuiteiru
It has been raining since Sunday.

2. それでは日曜日に伺います。
(Sore dewa nichiyōbi ni ukagaimasu
I will visit you on Sunday.

Using the Days of the Week Naturally: Short Forms

People sometimes write only the first kanji character of the day of the week:  (Getsu), (Ka), (Sui), and so on instead of 月曜日 (Getsuyōbi), 火曜日 (Kayōbi), 水曜日 (Suiyōbi), etc. 

You will also see a shortened form where they write the first two kanji characters (dropping the last character): 月曜 (Getsuyō), 火曜 (Kayō), 水曜 (Suiyō), etc. 

You might find this shorter form used on calendars, informal emails, and texts, or informal conversations.

Common Words Used Together with the Days of the Week

Let’s take a look at words that are commonly used together with the days of the week.

先週 (Senshū): Last week

先週の月曜日にテストがあった。
(Senshū no getsuyōbi ni tesuto ga atta
I had a test last Monday.

今週 (Konshū): This Week

今週の火曜日に会議がある。
(Konshū no kayōbi ni kaigi ga aru
I have a meeting this Tuesday.

来週 (Raishū): Next week

来週の水曜日は私の誕生日だ。
(Raishū no suiyōbi wa watashi no tanjōbi da)
Next Wednesday is my birthday.

再来週 (Saraishū): The Week After Next

再来週の月曜日にイギリスに行く。
(Saraishū no getsuyōbi ni igirisu ni iku
I will leave for England two weeks from Monday.

毎週 (Maishū): Every Week

毎週火曜日は仕事が休みだ。
(Maishū kayōbi wa shigoto ga yasumi da
I’m off every Tuesday.

 隔週 (Kakushū): Every Other Week

隔週水曜日に漫画が発売される。
(Kakushū suiyōbi ni manga ga hatsubai sareru
Comic books get published every other Wednesday.

ある ~ (Aru): On A Certain Day

ある木曜日に友人が訪ねてきた。
(Aru mokuyōbi ni yūjin ga tazunete kita
My friend visited me on a Thursday.

〜の朝 (No Asa): The Morning of

金曜日の朝は忙しい。
(Kinyōbi no asa wa isogashii
I’m busy Friday morning.

〜の午後 (No Gogo): The Afternoon of

土曜日の午後に昼寝をする。
(Doyōbi no gogo ni hirune o suru
I nap on Saturday afternoon.

〜の夕方 (No yūgata): The evening of

母は日曜日の夕方に買い物にいく。
(Haha wa nichiyōbi no yūgata ni kaimono ni iku
My mom goes shopping on Sunday evening.

〜の夜 (No Yoru): The Night of

日曜日の夜は早く寝ないと。
(Nichiyōbi no yoru wa hayaku nenai to
I have to go to bed early Sunday night.

〜までに (Made Ni): By

月曜日までに課題を終えなきゃ。
(Getuyōbi made ni kadai o oenakya
I have to finish my assignment by Monday.

Commonly Used Sentences Using the Days of the Week

1. 今日は何曜日ですか?
(Kyō wa nanyōbi desu ka
What day is it today?

2. に予定がありますか?
(Nan yōbi ni yotei ga arimasu ka
What days do you have plans?

3. 毎週何曜日がお休みですか?
(Maishū nanyōbi ga oyasumi desu ka
What day are you off every week?

4. 配達の曜日を指定してください。
(Haitatsu no yōbi wo shitei site kudasai
Please specify a day for delivery.

5. 火曜日以降なら暇です。
(Kayōbi ikō nara hima desu
I’m free after Tuesday.

Summary

What did you think of this lesson on the Japanese days of the week? It might take some practice to remember all of the days, but it is super beneficial to know since people use it on a daily basis in Japan. I hope this article helps you! 

If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave us a comment!

Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Send this to a friend