Top 10 Unique Museums in Japan: You’ve Never Seen Anything Like This

Japan is well known for putting its own unique spin on things. Their museums are no different.  You’ll find hundreds of museums in Japan. They cover everything from anime characters to buttons to parasites.

Forget the National Science Museum or the Museum of Modern Art. Make tracks for our top ten quirky Japanese museums you won’t find anywhere else.Do you enjoy playing with cats or spinning tops? Want to learn about torture instruments of the Edo-period or Tokyo’s sewer system? If so, there’s a museum on this list for you.  Let’s start with some ramen.


1. Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum: History Tastes Great

Yokohama Cup Noodle Museum
Anutr Yossundara /

When you think of museums, you probably don’t think of ramen. Japan is about to change that, with not one but two museums devoted to the humble instant noodle. Today we’ll visit the ramen museum in Osaka.

The Museum celebrates Instant Ramen and its creator, Momofuku Ando.

The story of “magic ramen” is surprisingly inspirational. Ando developed his process of dehydrating noodles and sealing in the flavor…. in a shed in his backyard!

The museum features a recreation of the shed. Visitors will be inspired by the humble tools Ando used.

The museum wants you to realize innovation starts at home.


The History of Instant Ramen

Interactive displays chart the development of Instant Ramen.

The early history starts with mass-production, followed by ramen becoming an international phenomenon. Instant Ramen even went into space!

Finally, the museum offers a chance to do some innovating of your own. Enjoy a fun opportunity to design your own flavor of Instant Ramen! Or take a class and make your own instant chicken noodles from scratch!

For More Information

Osaka – Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum

Yokohama – Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum 


2. Meguro Parasitological Museum: The Strangest Date Spot

The museum was founded in 1953 by Satoru Kamegai, a doctor with an interest in parasites.

It claims to be the only museum in the world dedicated to parasites. It’s probably right.


The Collection

The two-story collection is delightfully old school. Most of the 60,000 parasite specimens are stored in glass jars labeled by hand.

The first floor has displays and movies devoted to the diversity of parasites. The exhibits are primarily in Japanese.

Non-Japanese speakers will find the second floor easier to understand. As the second floor focuses on Human and Zoonotic Parasites, this is not necessarily a good thing!


The Tapeworm

The world’s longest tapeworm is particularly disturbing. You might have difficulty picturing just how long the 8.8 meter tapeworm is. The museum has a rope next to the display case you can unroll.

The museum is surprisingly popular with dating couples. You have to admit — it is a unique date spot!


For More Information

Meguro Parasitological Museum Homepage


3. Tokyo Trick Art Museum: Not Your Usual Gallery

Japan’s big on trick art. It doesn’t have one trick art museum — it has eight.


What’s Trick Art?

Trick art produces an optical illusion. Forget your typical gallery. Trick art museums are interactive experiences where patrons can touch the artwork.

Also different from most art galleries: photography is actively encouraged!

In fact, there are sample photos at stations throughout the gallery. They show you the perfect angle for your trick photo.


Which Trick Art Museum to Visit

The Tokyo Trick Art Museum is the most accessible. It has an Edo era theme, and it’s on Tokyo’s Odaiba Island.

Also, the Egyptian-themed Takao Trick Art Museum is an easy train ride from the capital.

Either one is a great place to start for those new to trick art.


For More Information

Tokyo Trick Art Museum Homepage (Odaiba) 

Takao Trick Art Museum Homepage 


4. Hara Model Railway Museum: For Enthusiasts, by Enthusiasts

The Hara Model Railway Museum is the most mainstream of all the museums on this list.

It boasts of having the largest collection of toy trains on earth. The museum houses 2,500 model railway items and displays around 1,000 of them.

Several museums wanted to display his incredible train collection. He agreed to display his collection here because Yokohama was the site of Japan’s first railway.

The centerpiece of the museum: Ichiban Tetsumo Park.

This neat display features one gauge trains from around the world on 450m of track.


Other Displays

Other displays recreate the trains of Japan, America, and Europe.

Your kids will love the original models of Thomas the Tank Engine and friends used to make the TV show. You can see them in operation on certain days.


For More Information

Hara Model Railway Museum Homepage


5. Tobacco and Salt Museum: The Surprising History of Two Common Products.

What do tobacco and salt have in common?

Until recently, both were controlled by government monopolies in Japan.

They’re also the subjects of the Tobacco and Salt Museum.

The museum was built in 1978 by the government agency in charge of them. The museum explores the cultural, political, and economic influence of salt and tobacco. It focuses particularly on their influence on society.


The Second Floor

The second floor explores the production of salt within Japan and overseas.

It includes equipment used to process salt on Japan’s Noto peninsula. It features a 1.4-ton piece of rock salt mined in Poland.


The Third Floor

The third-floor houses displays of smoking paraphernalia. The displays include a reproduction of an Edo-period tobacco shop.

Don’t miss the extensive collection of ukiyo-e woodcuts.


For More Information

Tabacco and Salt Museum Homepage 


6. Tokyo Sewerage Museum Rainbow: Interesting!

The Tokyo Sewerage Museum “Rainbow” bills itself as “awesome, interesting, and useful.”

It’s certainly unique!

The Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Sewerage built the museum to educate the public. The museum recreates sewerage pipes and a pumping station. You can also visit a water analysis lab and reclamation center.


For The Kids

The hands-on museum focuses on a younger audience.

The kids seem to love the cheerful mascot “Earth-kun”. He explains the challenges involved in disposing of Tokyo’s sewerage.


Before You Write it Off

You have to applaud the earnestness of the museum and its ecological messages. There are short movies about water preservation throughout the exhibits.

You’ll have to experience the museum for yourself to decide whether or not it succeeds.


For More Information

Tokyo Sewerage Museum “Rainbow” Homepage


7. Meiji University Museum – Criminal Materials Department:

Crime and Punishment Japan Style

Meiji University Museum has three departments. Each covers a different problem facing mankind.

The Commodities Department looks at the effects of a consumerist society.

The Archaeological Department looks at mankind’s development.

The Criminal Materials Department focuses on law and human rights. There’s a particular focus on crime and punishment.

The museum is not for the faint-hearted.



Exhibits include tools used in the Edo-period to capture and torture criminals.

You’ll also see international artifacts. They include guillotines and a replica Iron Maiden of Nuremberg.

Presented without apology, the exhibit challenges preconceptions about justice and punishment.

Leave the kids at home for this one.


For More Information

Meiji University Museum Homepage 


8. The Cat Museum: Every Country Needs One

While it’s hard to imagine why some of the museums on this list exist, the Cat Museum in Ito-city just makes sense. Who doesn’t want to play with — excuse me, study — a variety of cats?

The world’s first cat museum provides you with a way to study cats up close and personal.

The museum’s 2,000 items include cat dolls and toys. You’ll also find scientific exhibits including cat skeletons and stuffed lions and tigers.


Second Floor

The second floor is interactive; it’s set up like a mini zoo. You can play with a variety of cat breeds including Siamese, Russian Blues, Manx, and Persians.

The gift store sells souvenirs for your cat … or for the feline-loving friend in your life!


For More Information

Cat Museum Homepage


9. Japan Spinning Top Museum: Retro Toys for Kids of All Ages

Nagoya’s Spinning Top Museum has 30,000 hand-made toys and folk instruments. The collection includes over 1000 toys from around the world.

The highlight is the 20,000 spinning tops that make up the majority of the museum’s items.

These tops, known as Koma, are still played with by Japanese children today. The tops are especially popular around New Years.

If you’ve got no idea what to do with a top, don’t worry! The staff at the museum will teach you how to play with them.

Yoshihito Fujita runs the museum. He’s dedicated his life to preserving this Japanese toy. Fujita’s even gone so far as naming the various ways of spinning them!


Other Toys

Besides the spinning tops, some of which are centuries old, the museum also has Edo-period toys.


Old School

The museum is small; the exhibits crowd onto shelves and resemble toy-stores of old.

The museum has an old-time candy shop as well as a family-run store where you can buy a top of your own.


For More Information

Japan Spinning Top Museum Homepage


10. ARCHI-DEPOT: A Museum of Architectural Models.

Japan’s first architectural model museum opened in June 2016.

The museum collects and displays models by Japanese architects. They range from study models to completed designs.

The models are interesting to both architects and the general public. You really see the problems architects face when designing for crowded Japanese cities.

The museum is high-tech; each exhibit has a corresponding QR code for visitors to scan. The code reveals more information about the exhibit on your smart-phone.

The museum rotates exhibits constantly, drawing from its extensive storage. The museum not only displays models, it also preserves them for future generations.

The museum is close to Haneda airport (18 minutes by Tokyo Monorail); should you find yourself in the area, you don’t want to miss it!


For More Information



Get Out There and See for Yourself

This list only scratches the surface of Japan’s weird museums. Use it as a starting point for your own explorations.

Before you set off in search of the world’s largest tapeworm, let us know which of the museums is on your to-visit list. Tell us in the comments below.

Can’t decide? Share this article with a friend and make your own weird museum itinerary.


Photo of author


Louise first arrived in Japan in 2003 as a JET Programme participant, intending to stay for just one year. She had no idea she would end up spending eleven years exploring the country that has become her second home. Although able to navigate the big metropolises of Tokyo and Osaka with ease, Louise's real love is rural life, spending six years in beautiful Shimane prefecture. Now back in her native New Zealand, Louise is exploring her passion for writing.

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